Today much popular embroidery is done using an embroidery machine. You can embroider at home using a personal embroidery machine using a single needle. Or there are embroidery machines that use many needles and thread colors at the time. All types of embroidery have its purpose for different projects.
These four stitches are foundations of basic hand embroidery stitches. The straight stitch is a simple stitch created using a straight, long stitch without looping or crossing of lines. It is good for forming patterns.
The stem stitch is versatile and attractive and has a rope-like appearance. The thickness can be varied based on the size of the floss. The stitch is formed by bringing the needle forward on the right side and bringing it through where the fabric exits and the needle enters.
The fly stitch is an easy stitch also known as the “Y” stitches because when completed it looks like the letter Y. It is an interesting stitch that when combined together makes attractive rows and borders.
Finally, overlock stitches can seam two pieces of fabric together. Once you get the hang of it, it can be done quickly and be more secure than sewing with a machine. As it is easier to understand stitches if you can see them, there are excellent examples on craftsy.com.